• 姓名: 張元明
  • 性別: 男
  • 職稱: 研究員
  • 職務: 所長、所學術/學位委員會主任
  • 學歷: 博士
  • 電話: 0991-7885303
  • 傳真: 
  • 電子郵件: zhangym@ms.xjb.ac.cn
  • 所屬部門: 
  • 通訊地址: 烏魯木齊市北京南路818號

    簡  歷:

  •    張元明,男,1972年10月生。生態學博士,中國科學院新疆生態與地理研究所所長、二級研究員,博士生導師,國家“萬人計劃”中青年科技創新領軍人才。國家重點研發計劃項目首席。
     
    學習經歷
    1991.09-1995.07:新疆師范大學生物系,獲學士學位;
    1995.09-1998.07:中國科學院新疆生態與地理研究所,獲碩士學位;
    1998.08-1999.06:中國科學院新疆生態與地理研究所,助理研究員;
    1999.07-2002.06:中國科學院沈陽應用生態研究所,獲博士學位;

    工作經歷
    2002.07-2003.03:中國科學院新疆生態與地理研究所,副研究員;
    2003.03-2005.05:中國科學院新疆生態與地理研究所,研究員,研究室副主任;
    2005.05-2006.08:中國科學院新疆生態與地理研究所,研究員,科研處副處長(主持工作);
    2006.08-2016.12:中國科學院新疆生態與地理研究所,研究員,研究室主任,院重點實驗室主任;
    2016.12-2018.06:中國科學院新疆生態與地理研究所副所長,研究員,院重點實驗室主任;
    2018.07-2019.06:中國科學院新疆生態與地理研究所副所長(主持工作),研究員,所學術/學位委員會副主任,院重點實驗室主任;
    2019.07-至今:中國科學院新疆生態與地理研究所所長,研究員,所學術/學位委員會主任。

    社會任職:

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    研究方向:

  • 荒漠生態系統結構與功能研究 

    承擔科研項目情況:

  • 1.國家重點研發計劃項目, 天山北坡退化野果林生態保育與健康調控技術(2016YFC0501500), 2016-2020, 1300萬;
    2.國家自然科學基金委員會面上基金, 生物土壤結皮的群落屬性對溫帶荒漠生態系統多功能性的影響(41571256),2016-2019, 70萬元; 
    3.國家自然科學基金委員會聯合基金, 生物結皮的人工培養及其對受損荒漠地表的生態修復(U1203301), 2013-2016, 100萬元;
    4.國家自然科學基金委員會面上基金, 古爾班通古特沙漠生物結皮對種子植物多樣性的影響(40771114), 2008-2010, 50萬元; 
    5.國家自然科學基金委員會面上基金, 古爾班通古特沙漠生物土壤結皮微結構研究(40571085), 2006-2008, 45萬元;
    6.國家自然科學基金委員會重大研究計劃, 荒漠地表生物結皮形成機制及其在沙漠化防治中的應用(90202019), 2003-2005, 85萬元;
    7.中國科學院知識創新工程重要方向項目, 典型溫帶荒漠生物多樣性研究—以準噶爾荒漠為例(KZCX3-SW-343), 2005-2007, 150萬;
    8.新疆維吾爾自治區區域協同創新專項, 上海合作組織科技伙伴計劃及國際科技合作計劃, 中外跨國合作保護天山野果林(2019E01016), 2019-2021, 80萬;
    9.新疆維吾爾自治區高技術研究發展項目, 天山野果林生態系統恢復與保育關鍵技術(2016B03040), 2016-2018, 45萬元;

    代表論著:

  • 出版專著:
    [1].張元明, 李耀明, 沈觀冕等編著. 中亞植物資源及其利用[C]. 氣象出版社, 2014 
    [2].張元明, 王雪芹. 準噶爾荒漠生物結皮研究[C]. 科學出版社, 2008.
    [3].Weber Bettina, Burkhard Büdel, Jayne Belnap. Biological Soil Crusts: An Organizing Principle in Drylands. ecological studies, Springer, 2016. (Chapter 19 leading author: Zhang Yuanming, Aradottir Asa L., Serpe Marcelo, Boeken Bertrand) 
     
    SCI論文發表:
    [1].Su Yangui, Chen Yingwu, Padilla Francisco M, Zhang Yuanming*, Huang Gang*. The influence of biocrusts on the spatial pattern of soil bacterial communities: A case study at landscape and slope scales. Soil Biology & Biochemistry, 2020, 142, DOI: 10.1016/j.soilbio.2020.107721
    [2].Zhou Xiaobing, Tao Ye, Yin Benfeng, Tucker Colin, Zhang Yuanming*. Nitrogen pools in soil covered by biological soil crusts of different successional stages in a temperate desert in Central Asia. Geoderma, 2020, 366(1):114166.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.geoderma.2019.114166
    [3].Zhang Jing, Zhang Yuanming*. Ecophysiological responses of the biocrust moss Syntrichia caninervis to experimental snow cover manipulations in a temperate desert of central Asia. Ecological Research, 2020, 35(1):198-207.
    [4].Li Yonggang, Zhou Xiaobing, Zhang Yuanming*. Moss patch size and microhabitats influence stoichiometry of moss crusts in a temperate desert, Central Asia. Plant and Soil, 2019a, 443(1-2):55-72.
    [5].Li Yonggang, Zhou Xiaobing, Zhang Yuanming*. Shrub modulates the stoichiometry of moss and soil in desert ecosystems, China. Journal of Arid Land, 2019b, 11(4): 579-594.
    [6].Wu Lin, Zhang Yuanming*. Precipitation and soil particle size co-determine spatial distribution of biological soil crusts in the Gurbantunggut Desert, China. Journal of Arid Land, 2018, 10(5):701-711.
    [7].Zhang Bingchang, Zhang Yongqing, Li Xiangzhen*, Zhang Yuanming*. Successional changes of fungal communities along the biocrust development stages. Biology and Fertility of Soils, 2018, 54(2): 285-294.
    [8].Zhou Xiaobing, Bowker Matthew A, Tao Ye, Wu Lin, Zhang Yuanming*. Chronic nitrogen addition induces a cascade of plant community responses with both seasonal and progressive dynamics. Science of the Total Environment, 2018, 626:99-108.
    [9].Jia Fengqin, Tiyip Tashpolat, Wu Nan, Tian Changyan, Zhang Yuanming*. Characteristics of soil seed banks at different geomorphic positions within the longitudinal sand dunes of the Gurbantunggut Desert, China. Journal of Arid Land, 2017, 9(3):355-367.
    [10].Tao Ye, Wu Ganlin, Zhang Yuanming*. Dune-scale distribution pattern of herbaceous plants and their relationship with environmental factors in a saline-alkali desert in Central Asia. Science of the Total Environment, 2017, 576:473-480.
    [11].Zhang Yuanming*, Zhou Xiaobing, Yin Benfeng, Downing Alison. Sensitivity of the xerophytic moss Syntrichia caninervis to prolonged simulated nitrogen deposition. Annals of Botany, 2016, 117(7):1153-1161.
    [12].Pan Zhao, Pitt William G., Zhang Yuanming, Wu Nan, Tao Ye, Truscott Tadd T*. The upside-down water collection system of Syntrichia caninervis. Nature Plants, 2016, 2(7): DOI: 10.1038/NPLANTS.2016.76.
    [13].Su Yangui, Huang gang, Lin Yajun, Zhang Yuanming*. No synergistic effects of water and nitrogen addition on soil microbial communities and soil respiration in a temperate desert. Catena, 2016,142:126-133.
    [14].Tao Ye, Wu Ganlin, Zhang Yuanming*, Zhou Xiaobing. Leaf N and P stoichiometry of 57 plant species in the Karamori Mountain Ungulate Nature Reserve, Xinjiang, China. Journal of Arid Land, 2016, 8(6):935-947.
    [15].Zhang Bingchang, Kong Weidong, Wu Nan, Zhang Yuanming*. Bacterial diversity and community along the succession of biological soil crusts in the Gurbantunggut Desert, Northern China. Journal Of Basic Microbiology, 2016, 56(6):670-679.
    [16].Zhang Bingchang, Li Renhui, Xiao Peng, Su Yangui, Zhang Yuanming*. Cyanobacterial composition and spatial distribution based on pyrosequencing data in the Gurbantunggut Desert, Northwestern China. Journal of Basic Microbiology, 2016, 56(3):308-320.
    [17].Yin Benfeng, Zhang Yuanming*. Physiological regulation of Syntrichia caninervis Mitt. in different microhabitats during periods of snow in the Gurbantunggut Desert, northwestern China. Journal of Plant Physiology, 2016, 194:13-22.
    [18].Zhou Xiaobing, Zhang Yuanming*, Yin Benfeng. Divergence in physiological responses between cyanobacterial and lichen crusts to a gradient of simulated nitrogen deposition. Plant and Soil, 2016, 399:121-134.
    [19].Zhang Yuanming*, Belnap Jayne. Growth responses of five desert plants as influenced by biological soil crusts from a temperate desert, China. Ecological Research, 2015, 30(6):1037-1045.
    [20].Wu Lin, Zhang Yuanming*, Zhang Jing, Downing Alison. Precipitation intensity is the primary driver of moss crust-derived CO2 exchange: Implications for soil C balance in a temperate desert of northwestern China. European Journal of Soil Biology, 2015, 67:27-34.
    [21].Zhang Bingchang, Zhou Xiaobing, Zhang Yuanming*. Responses of microbial activities and soil physical-chemical properties to the successional process of biological soil crusts in the Gurbantunggut Desert, Xinjiang. Journal of Arid Land, 2015, 7(1):101-109.
    [22].Zhuang Weiwei, Downing Alison, Zhang Yuanming*. The influence of biological soil crusts on N15 translocation in soil and vascular plant in a temperate desert of northwestern China. Journal of Plant Ecology, 2015, 8(4):420-428.
    [23].Zhuang Weiwei, Serpe Marcelo, Zhang Yuanming*. The effect of lichen-dominated biological soil crusts on growth and physiological characteristics of three plant species in a temperate desert of northwest China. Plant Biology, 2015, 17(6):1165-1175.
    [24].Wu Nan, Pan Huixia, Qiu Dong, Zhang Yuanming*. Feasibility of EPS-producing bacterial inoculation to speed up the sand aggregation in the Gurbantunggut Desert, Northwestern China. Journal of Basic Microbiology, 2014, 54:1378-1386.
    [25].Wu Nan, Zhang Yuanming*, Downin g Alison, Aanderud Zachary T., Tao Ye, Williams Steven. Rapid adjustment of leaf angle explains how the desert moss, Syntrichia caninervis, copes with multiple resource limitations during rehydration. Functional Plant Biology, 2014, 41(2):168-177.
    [26].Zhang Jing, Zhang Yuanming. Diurnal variations of chlorophyll fluorescence and CO2 exchange of biological soil crusts in different successional stages in the Gurbantunggut Desert of northwestern China. Ecological Research, 2014, 29(2): 289-298.
    [27].Zhou Xiaobing, Zhang Yuanming*. Season and Nitrogen Effects on Activities of Three Hydrolytic Enzymes in Soils of the Gurbantunggut Desert, Northwest China. Communications In Soil Science And Plant Analysis, 2014a, 45(12):1699-1713.
    [28].Zhou Xiaobing, Zhang Yuanming*. Seasonal pattern of soil respiration and gradual changing effects of nitrogen addition in a soil of the Gurbantunggut Desert, northwestern China. Atmospheric Environment, 2014b, 85:187-194.
    [29].Zhou Xiaobing, Zhang Yuanming*. Temporal dynamics of soil oxidative enzyme activity across a simulated gradient of nitrogen deposition in the Gurbantunggut Desert, Northwestern China. Geoderma, 2014c, 213:261-267.
    [30].Zhou Xiaobing, Zhang Yuanming*, Niklas Karl J. Sensitivity of growth and biomass allocation patterns to increasing nitrogen: a comparison between ephemerals and annuals in the Gurbantunggut Desert, north-western China. Annals of Botany, 2014, 113(3):501-511.
    [31].Su Yangui, Wu Lin, Zhou Zhibin, Liu Yaobin, Zhang Yuanming*. Carbon flux in deserts depends on soil cover type: A case study in the Gurbantunggute desert, North China. Soil Biology & Biochemistry, 2013, 58:332-340.
    [32].Tao Ye, Zhang Yuanming*, Downing Alison. Similarity and difference in vegetation structure of three desert shrub communities under the same temperate climate but with different microhabitats. Botanical Studies, 2013, 54. DOI: 10.1186/1999-3110-54-59
    [33].Zhang Bingchang, Zhang Yuanming*, Su Yangui, Wang Jingzhu, Zhang Jing. Responses of Microalgal-Microbial Biomass and Enzyme Activities of Biological Soil Crusts to Moisture and Inoculated Microcoleus vaginatus Gradients. Arid Land Research And Management, 2013. 27(3):216-230.
    [34].Su Yangui, Wu Lin, Zhang Yuanming*. Characteristics of carbon flux in two biologically crusted soils in the Gurbantunggut Desert, Northwestern China. Catena, 2012, 96:41-48.
    [35].Tao Ye, Zhang Yuanming*. Effects of leaf hair points of a desert moss on water retention and dew formation: implications for desiccation tolerance. Journal of Plant Research, 2012,125:351-360.
    [36].Wu Nan, Zhang Yuanming*, Downing Alison, Zhang Jing, Yang Chunhong. Membrane stability of the desert moss Syntrichia caninervis Mitt. during desiccation and rehydration. Journal of Bryology, 2012, 34(1):1-8.
    [37].Zhou Xiaobing, Zhang Yuanming*, Downing Alison. Non-linear response of microbial activity across a gradient of nitrogen addition to a soil from the Gurbantunggut Desert, northwestern China. Soil Biology & Biochemistry, 2012, 47:67-77.
    [38].Zhang Bingchang, Zhang Yuanming*, Downing Alison, Niu Yulu. Distribution and Composition of Cyanobacteria and Microalgae Associated with Biological Soil Crusts in the Gurbantunggut Desert, China. Arid Land Research And Management, 2011, 25(3):275-293.
    [39].Zhang Jing, Zhang Yuanming*, Downing Alison, Wu Nan, Zhang Bingchang. Photosynthetic and cytological recovery on remoistening Syntrichia caninervis Mitt., a desiccation-tolerant moss from Northwestern China. Photosynthetica, 2011, 49(1):13-20.
    [40].Zhou Xiaobing, Zhang Yuanming*, Ji Xuehua, Downing Alison, Serpe Marcelo. Combined effects of nitrogen deposition and water stress on growth and physiological responses of two annual desert plants in northwestern China. Environmental And Experimental Botany, 2011, 74:1-8.
    [41].Zhang Yuanming*, Wu Nan, Zhang Bingchang, Zhang Jing. Species composition, distribution patterns and ecological functions of biological soil crusts in the Gurbantunggut Desert. Journal of Arid Land, 2010, 2(3):180-189.
    [42].Wu Nan, Zhang Yuanming*, Pan Huixia, Zhang Jing. The Role of Nonphotosynthetic Microbes in the Recovery of Biological Soil Crusts in the Gurbantunggut Desert, Northwestern China. Arid Land Research And Management, 2010, 24(1):42-56.
    [43].Chen Rongyi, Zhang Yuanming*, Li Yuan, Wei Wenshou, Zhang Jing, Wu Nan. The variation of morphological features and mineralogical components of biological soil crusts in the Gurbantunggut Desert of Northwestern China. Environmental Geology, 2009, 57:1135-1143.
    [44].Zhang Bingchang, Zhang Yuanming*, Zhao Jiancheng, Wu Nan, Chen Rongyi, Zhang Jing. Microalgal species variation at different successional stages in biological soil crusts of the Gurbantunggut Desert, Northwestern China. Biology and Fertility of Soils, 2009, 45:539-547.
    [45].Zhang Jing, Zhang Yuanming*, Downing Alison, Cheng Junhui, Zhou Xiaobing, Zhang Bingchang. The influence of biological soil crusts on dew deposition in Gurbantunggut Desert, Northwestern China. Journal Of Hydrology, 2009, 379:220-228.
    [46].Wu Nan, Zhang Yuanming*, Downing Alison. Comparative study of nitrogenase activity in different types of biological soil crusts in the Gurbantunggut Desert, Northwestern China. Journal of Arid Environments, 2009, 73:828-833.
    [47].ZhangYuanming*, Chen Jin, Wang L., Wang Xueqin, Gu Zhihui. The spatial distribution patterns of biological soil crusts in the Gurbantunggut Desert, Northern Xinjiang, China. Journal of Arid Environments, 2007, 68(4):599-610.
    [48].Zhang Yuanming*, Wang Hongling, Wang Xueqin, Yang Weikang, Zhang Daoyuan. The microstructure of microbiotic crust and its influence on wind erosion for a sandy soil surface in the Gurbantunggut Desert of Northwestern China. Geoderma, 2006, 132(3-4):441-449.
    [49].Wu Nan, Wang Hongling, Liang Shaoming, Nie Huali, Zhang Yuanming*. Temporal-spatial dynamics of distribution patterns of microorganism relating to biological soil crusts in the Gurbantunggut Desert. Chinese Science Bulletin, 2006, 51:124-131.
    [50].Zhang Yuanming*. 2005. The microstructure and formation of biological soil crusts in their early developmental stage. Chinese Science Bulletin 50:117-121.
    [51].Zhang Yuanming*, Chen Yaning, Pan Borong. Distribution and floristics of desert plant communities in the lower reaches of Tarim River, southern Xinjiang, People's Republic of China. Journal of Arid Environments, 2005, 63(4):772-784.
     
    CSCD論文發表:
    [1].周曉兵, 張元明*, 陶冶, 吳林. 新疆古爾班通古特沙漠土壤N2O、CH4和CO2通量及其對氮沉降增加的響應. 植物生態學報, 2017, 41:290-300.
    [2].許紅梅, 李進, 張元明*. 水分條件對人工培養齒肋赤蘚光化學效率及生理特性的影響. 植物生態學報, 2017, 41:882-893.
    [3].陶冶, 張元明*, 周曉兵. 伊犁野果林淺層土壤養分生態化學計量特征及其影響因素. 應用生態學報, 2016, 27:2239-2248.
    [4].陶冶, 張元明*.古爾班通古特沙漠4種草本植物葉片與土壤的化學計量特征. 應用生態學報, 2015,26:659-665.
    [5].尹本豐, 張元明, 婁安如. 灌叢移除對荒漠齒肋赤蘚越冬過程中生理生化特性的影響. 植物生態學報, 2016, 40:723-734.
    [6].尹本豐, 張元明*. 凍融過程對荒漠區不同微生境下齒肋赤蘚滲透調節物含量和抗氧化酶活力的影響. 植物生態學報, 2015, 39: 517-529.
    [7].肖遙, 陶冶, 張元明*. 古爾班通古特沙漠4種荒漠草本植物不同生長期的生物量分配與葉片化學計量特征. 植物生態學報, 2014, 38:929-940.
    [8].尹本豐, 張元明*. 荒漠區不同微生境下齒肋赤蘚對一次降雪的生理生化響應. 植物生態學報, 2014, 38:978-989.
    [9].陶冶, 張元明*, 吳小波.古爾班通古特沙漠白莖絹蒿和準噶爾沙蒿種群多尺度多參數空間分布格局. 應用生態學報, 2013, 24:3019-3026.
    [10].張丙昌, 王敬竹, 張元明*, 邵華. 水分對具鞘微鞘藻構建人工藻結皮的作用. 應用生態學報, 2013, 24: 535-540.
    [11].張元明, 聶華麗. 生物土壤結皮對準噶爾盆地5種荒漠植物幼苗生長與元素吸收的影響. 植物生態學報, 2011, 35:380-388.
    [12].周曉兵, 張元明*, 王莎莎, 張丙昌. 模擬氮沉降和干旱對準噶爾盆地兩種一年生荒漠植物生長和光合生理的影響. 植物生態學報, 2010, 34:1394-1403.
    [13].張元明. 荒漠地表生物土壤結皮的微結構及其早期發育特征. 科學通報, 2005, 50:42-47.
    [14].張元明, 陳晉, 王雪芹, 潘惠霞, 辜智慧, 潘伯榮.古爾班通古特沙漠生物結皮的分布特征. 地理學報, 2005, 60:53-60.
    [15].張元明, 陳亞寧, 張小雷.塔里木河下游植物群落分布格局及其環境解釋. 地理學報, 2004, 75:903-910.
    [16].張元明, 潘惠霞, 潘伯榮. 古爾班通古特沙漠不同地貌部位生物結皮的選擇性分布. 水土保持學報, 2004, 34: 61-64.
    [17].張元明, 曹同, 潘伯榮. 新疆博格達山地面生苔蘚植物物種多樣性研究. 應用生態學報, 2003, 14:887-891.
    [18].張元明, 陳亞寧, 張道遠.塔里木河中游植物群落與環境因子的關系. 地理學報, 2003, 58:109-118.
    [19].張元明, 曹同, 潘伯榮. 新疆博格達山地面生苔蘚植被的數量分類與排序研究. 植物生態學報, 2002, 26:10-16.

    專利申請:

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    獲獎及榮譽:

  • 1.2017年度, 典型溫帶荒漠生態系統功能及其對環境變化的適應機制, 新疆維吾爾自治區自然科學類一等獎, 排名第一;
    2.2011年度, 新疆天山自然遺產價值與保護管理研究, 新疆維吾爾自治區科技進步一等獎, 排名第五;
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